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لماذا يكون العبد اقرب من ربه وهو ساجد ؟؟؟ بقلم دكتور / محمد غلوش

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لماذا يكون العبد اقرب من ربه وهو ساجد ؟؟؟ بقلم دكتور / محمد غلوش

إعداد / محمد الزيدي

لماذا يجب ان ننظر محل السجود اثناء الصلاه؟؟؟
وهل هناك فرق بين الصلاه المقروءه وغير المقروءه؟؟؟
كيف يغير الله مخك اثناء الصلاه ؟؟؟؟

عن أبي هريرة – رضي الله عنه – قال: قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: ((أقرب ما يكون العبد من ربه وهو ساجد؛ فأكثروا الدعاء))؛ رواه مسلم.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : ” دخل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الكعبة ما خلف بصره موضع سجوده حتى خرج منها ” صححه الألباني في ” صفة صلاة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ” .

عن أبي قلابة قال : سألت مسلم بن يسار أين منتهى البصر في الصلاة ؟ فقال : إن حيث تسجد حسن .

عن إبراهيم النخعي أنه كان يحب للمصلي أن لا يجاوز بصره موضع سجوده .

عن ابن سيرين أنه كان يحب أن يضع الرجل بصره حذاء موضع سجوده .

عن عبد الله بن الزبير أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ” كان إذا قعد في التشهد وضع كفه اليسرى على فخذه اليسرى وأشار بالسبابة لا يجاوز بصره إشارته ” .

رواه أبو داود ( 990 ) والنسائي ( 1275 ) – واللفظ له – وصححه النووي في ” شرح مسلم ” ( 5 / 81 ) فقال : والسنَّة أن لا يجاوزه بصره إشارته ، وفيه حديث صحيح في ” سنن أبي داود ” .

قال ابن قدامة :

يستحب للمصلي أن يجعل نظره إلى موضع سجوده ، قال أحمد – في رواية حنبل – : الخشوع في الصلاة : أن يجعل نظره إلى موضع سجوده ، وروي ذلك عن مسلم بن يسار , وقتادة .

” المغني ” ( 1 / 370 ) .

عن عائشة قالت : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يستفتح الصلاة بالتكبير ، والقراءة بـ ” الحمد لله رب العالمين ” ، وكان إذا ركع لم يُشْخِص رأسَه ولم يُصوِّبْه ولكن بين ذلك .

رواه مسلم ( 498 ) .

عن أبي هريرة – رضي الله عنه – قال: قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: ((أقرب ما يكون العبد من ربه وهو ساجد؛ فأكثروا الدعاء))؛ رواه مسلم

قال تعالي
كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِب ۩ (19)
سوره العلق

ماالذي يحدث اثناء الصلاه
وماهو اكثر اوقات الصلاه قربا لله
وهل هناك فرق بين الصلاه المقروءه وغير المقروءه في الخشوع والقرب الي الله
وماهو افضل مكان للنظر اليه اثناء الصلاه
وهل هناك دليل علي كل ماذكرته من العلم

كانت الاديان والصلاه مسأله شغلت المهتمين بالعلم طويلا فمنهم من انكرها ومنهم من درسها ليعرف تأثيرها ونتائجها

قام بعض علماء علم الاعصاب بدراسه مايحدث لمخ الانسان اثناء الصلاه
واي موجات يصدرها المخ اثناء الصلاه .

عند السجود يندفع الدم الي المخ ويذهب بالذات الي المناطق النشطه في المخ

وقد قام دكتور اسمه نيوبرج هو الاشهر في العصبيه والنفسيه واستخدام الاشعه المقطعيه الفوتونيه في دراسه المخ. بجامعه بنسلفانيا بالولايات المتحده . بعمل ابحاث علي المخ البشري اثناء الصلاه والسجود والتأمل.

وقام علماء آخرون وعلي رأسهم دكتور Doufesh وزملائه بدراسه مجموعه من المتطوعين المسلمين اثناء صلاتهم وقاموا بدراسه ومسح المخ بجهاز اارنين المغناطيسي ورسم المخ .

وكرروا هذه التجارب اكثر من مره علي هذه المجموعات
وتم دراسه المخ اثناء كل حركه في الصلاه اثناء الوقوف والركوع والسجود والتشهد .

وكرروا هذه الدراسات مرات اثناء الصلاه المقروءه اي التي تتلوا فيها القران وتتحدث فيها بصوت ومرات اخري بدون صوت اي الصلاه غير المقروءه او الجهريه والصامته .

فماذا كانت النتائج التي خرجوا بها

نشاط غير طبيعي زائد بمركزين بالمخ هما الفص العلوي من المخ parietal lobe والفص الخلفي من المخ وهو ال occipital lobe .

نشاط زائد جدا لموجات الفا alpha waves اثناء رسم المخ
وموجات الفا لايصدرها المخ الا في حاله الاسترخاء النفسي الشديد و الهدوء النفسي ويكون الانسان واعيا لما حوله ولكنه في حاله عدم تفاعل معها حيث يكون في حاله صله بينه وبين الله ولكنه ليس منفصل عن الواقع انما قام بتجميده

موجات ألفا Alpha Waves 8 – 13 Hz

تظهر موجات ألفا أثناء النشاطات العقلية المتصلة بالإدراك الواعي، ولكنها تمثل نشاطاتٍ عقلية هادئة، حيث تمثل موجات ألفا الحالة الهادئة للدماغ، وهي تعني أن الدماغ واعي ويدرك ما حوله، ولكنه غير نشيط أو فعال، ويمكننا تشبيهها بحالة “Stand By” الخاصة بجهاز الحاسوب، حيث لا يكون الحاسوب يقوم بتنفيذ أي فعل يتطلب قدرات المعالج، إلا أن الحاسوب جاهز لاستقبال أي إشارة أو تنبيه.

لم يكن هناك اي فارق في النتائج بين الصلاه المقروءه والصلاه غير المقروءه وكان هذا من النتائج التي ادهشت العلماء
فسواء كانت الصلاه مقروءه او غير مقروءه النتائج واحده .
ولكنه وجد ( دكتور نيوبرج) ان مركز اللغه في المخ ومركز الكلام ينشط عندما تتكلم اثناء الصلاه كما ينشط اثناء التكلم مع صديق
وهو مايعني ان المؤمن يؤمن تماما انه يتكلم مع اله موجود فعلا يشعر بوجوده كانه امامه .

كان اكثر اوضاع الصلاه التي تصدر فيها موجات الفا ونشاط الفص العلوي والخلفي من المخ اثناء الوقوف حيث يكون الفص العلوي مسئولا عن الاحساس بالمكان والخلفي عن النظر
بينما اثناء السجود prostration يكون الفص الامامي frontal lobe هو الانشط جدا
وتصدر موجات الفا من الفص الامامي للمخ المسئول عن التركيز والابداع في اعلي معدلاتها حيث تتصل بالخالق عز وجل.

بينما يقل نشاط الفص العلوي بينما يقل بشده نشاط الفص الاوسط من المخ parietal lobe
وهو الفص المسؤول عن الاحساس بالمكان
وبالتالي ينفصل الانسان عن مكانه ويكون حيث يوجد الله وليس حيث يوجد الانسان.

ويقل نشاط الفص الخلفي occipital lobe حيث ينفصل الانسان عن احساسه بما حوله وينفصل بصره ايضا عما حوله.

ويقل ايضا بشده نشاط الفص الصدغي temporal lobe
وهو مسؤول عن احساس الانسان بالوقت والزمن
وبالتالي ينفصل الانسان عن الزمن ويتوقف الزمن وهناك مكان واحد فقط يتوقف فيه الزمان ويساوي صفرا وهو عند الخالق .ولذلك فالله لااول له ولا اخر .

ولذلك فان السجود podition of prostrate اقتراب من الله ولذلك قال الله لرسوله اسجد واقترب فربط الاقتراب من الله بالسجود

وارجع العالم Doufesh مع زملاؤه من العلماء الذين اجروا هذا البحث ان سبب ارتفاع موجات الفا اثناء السجود بالذات من المحتمل ان يكون بسبب قصر مجال الرؤيه اثناء السجود حيث تكون المسافه بين العينين والارض قصيره مما يجعل التركيز اكبر .

وموجات الفا هي موجات كهرومغناطيسيه طويله الموجه كامواج الراديو والتي تصل الي ابعد مكان في الكون دون ان ترتد او يعيقها عائق وهي موجات تخرج من المخ في حاله نشاط زائد مع استرخاء شديد للجسد اقرب الي النوم .

اي ان هذه الموجات تصل الي العرش .وتتصل بالله .

ويقول نيوبرج ان التأمل ل12 دقيقه فقط في اليوم تكفي الانسان لتاخير الشيخوخه لانها تمنع موت خلايا المخ والعته dementia كما انها تمنع التوتر والضغط العصبي .
كما ان السجود يعالج مرض بركنسون او الشلل الرعاش فضلا عن كثير من الامراض العقليه .

ويقول ايضا ان اقتراب الانسان من الله وقت الصلاه يؤدي الي تغيرات مستديمه في المخ
وقد كتب كتابا سماه كيف تغير مخك بالصلاه . او كيف يغير الله مخك.

وحتي نتاكد من اهميه الايمان بالله في التأثير علي المخ وليس مجرد التبصر والتأمل حتي لايعتقد كافر ان التامل هو السبب وانه يمكن التامل بدون الايمان او الاتصال بالله

قام نيوبرج بفحص مخ غير المؤمنين بالله بالاشعه المقطعيه الفوتونيه بالصبغه قبل التامل واثناء التامل
الغريب انه لم يجد اي فارق في وظيفه المخ والاشعه مع غير المؤمنين .

وهذا يثبت ان مايقوم بهذا الفارق هو الاقتراب من الله وليس التامل في حد ذاته فالتامل بدون ايمان لاقيمه له .

وقد وجد ايضا ان الصلاه تقوي العلاقه بين الاقارب والاصدقاء
ووجد دكتور نيوبرج ان الصلاه تؤخر فعلا علامات الشيخوخه في المخ حيث وجدوا تضخم وسماكه اكثر في الفص الامامي من المخ frontal lobe وقشره المخ insula
كما يزداد التركيز كثيرا لدي المصليين حيث تم عمل اختبار لهم لتحديد رقمين بطريقه تم عرضها سريعا بينما لم يستطيع غير المصليين الا تحديد رقم واحد فقط .

ويقول اخيرا دكتور نيوبرج ان العلم يعطي سببا واضحا للايمان .

ان افضل النتائج واقوي النشاط وموجات الفا عندما يكون نظرك موجها الي الارض موضع السجود حيث تكون عيناك نصف مغلقتين فيكون مجال النظر ضيقا ووجدوا ان النظر الي الامام او الي اعلي او والعينان مغلقتان يعطي نتيجه اقل من النظر الي الارض دون ان تحني الرقبه .

وهكذا يكون العبد اقرب مايكون الي ربه وه ساجد وان افضل موضع لبصرك هو مكان سجودك .

وصدقت يا سيدي يا رسول الله الذي لاينطق عن الهوي

Neuroscientists, or at least a certain cohort of them, have developed an interest in things religious over the past decade. This surge of interest has been fueled in a large part by the increasing use of brain scanning technology, such as magnetic-resonance imaging and electroencephalograms (EEG), to study how the brain reacts to religious or spiritual practice. But so far, the research has been fairly limited when it comes to religious diversity. Christian religiousness dominates the research on religion and mental health, while Buddhism is the darling of the researchers who study meditation and the brain. Of course, the fact is that Muslims, Hindus, and members of other religions make up more than half of the world’s population, so any theories about how religion affects the brain seem obligated to eventually take these other traditions into account.
Fortunately, a team led by Hazem Doufesh of the University of Malaya’s Department of Biomedical Engineering is blazing the trail, at least in a small way. Doufesh and his colleagues recently published a paper in the journal Applied Psychophysiology and Feedback detailing their EEG study of a small group of Muslim volunteers in the act of praying.
Muslim prayer, or salat, requires the worshiper to move through several distinct bodily postures while reciting specific supplications. The series of postures is fixed, and it’s repeated a number of times for each act of prayer. Worshipers start out standing, then bow at the waist until their upper bodies are parallel with the floor, with their hands pressed against the knees. They then return to a standing position (still reciting supplications, or prayers) before kneeling down to the fully prostrate position – foreheads fully touching the ground. After prostration, worshipers sit up on their knees briefly before returning to a final prostrating. The cycle then starts again. Each stage in this cycle of prayer lasts a few seconds, and the whole cycle lasts between 30 seconds and a full minute.
To study how these different postures might affect brain waves, the researchers fitted the volunteers with EEG monitors around the frontal, central, temporal, parietal, and occipital regions and asked them to complete a series of complete prayer cycles. The volunteers completed one full set of prayers (comprising several cycles) that included both body postures and verbal prayers, or supplications. Then they completed another set with all the postures, but no verbal prayers.

The researchers hypothesized that the volunteers’ brains would show spikes in alpha wave activity during certain phases of the salat, since previous research has strongly suggested a connection between alpha waves – which are associated with relaxation – and religious activities like meditation or prayer. And indeed, they found significant rises in alpha activity in volunteers’ parietal and occipital cortices (the regions near the top and rear of the brain) – but, surprisingly, only during the prostration phase of the salat. In contrast, alpha wave levels didn’t differ much at all between resting state and prayer in the standing, bowing, or kneeling positions.
Interestingly, there was no significant difference between the “actual” salat, or prayer with both postures and supplications, and the “acted” version, which included postures but no spoken prayer. Volunteers showed increased alpha activity during prostrations whether they were actually saying the appropriate prayers or not.
Does this mean that Muslim prayer only really “works” when worshipers are fully prostrate? Or that Muslim believers don’t need to worry about saying their prayers, as long as they go through the bodily motions that accompany them? Those conclusions would probably be premature. Prayer is a multidimensional action, with many different aspects and motivations. Almost nobody takes a break from work to pray so that they can boost their alpha brain waves – instead, people pray for many different reasons that don’t necessarily show up in EEG readings.
However, the fact that a certain body posture seemed to increase alpha waves strongly suggests that performing that posture may increase relaxation, reduce tension, and indicate focus. Doufesh and colleagues suggest that part of the reason for the increased alpha waves during prostrations is the fact that volunteers’ eyes were only inches from the ground, reducing the visual field. Alpha waves have often been associated with closed eyes or reduced visual input, so being forced to stare at only one small region of the floor may explain the prostration-alpha wave connection.

Like any research into neuroscience and religion, though, this doesn’t mean that Muslim salat is “nothing but” the neurological effects of a restricted visual field. Bodies are ineluctably a major part of the religious experience, and the fact that motions or postures of the body can have a concrete effect on the brain that is experienced as spiritual only shows how profound the interaction of consciousness and physiology really is. Religion, for many believers, is a way of engaging with all of life – from mind to relationships to body. The technologies of religion, including prayer, differ profoundly from culture to culture, but each may have something important to tell us about our search for meaning, security, and belonging.

In an article published by the BBC News website, Andrew Neoberg, a radiologist at the University of Pennsylvania, United States, said: “I believe that we are about to experience a wonderful time in our history, when we become able to explore religions and spiritual matters through a way, none has thought of its possibility before.”

Dr. Newberg explains what happened; saying that the pictures showed “activity increase in the frontal lobe which is the front of the brain, a region that becomes active in [any] human being when one wants to focus on a particular activity”, while the Parietal lobe, which is the back of the brain, showed a significant decrease in activity of the Parietal lobe and it is responsible for one’s sense of place. This confirms the saying that meditation leads to losing the sense of place.
Dr. Newberg commitment: “During meditation, people lose their feelings of themselves, and really feel losing the sense of place and time, and this was exactly what we saw.”

As dr. Andrew Neoberg confirms, a specialist in neuroscience, on his website that believing that there is God of the whole universe is absolutely necessary for a psychological and physical healthiness. In his book, “How God changes your Brain,” written by him and a group of researchers and also achieved significant sales in America, Newberg says: ‘the deeper you believe in the Creator, the better your brain will be!

Worshiping and meditating for 12 minutes a day, delays the diseases of aging and reduces stress and anxiety. The submission, worship and praying practices give the human being a sense of peace more love and compassion, while atheism, anger and protest against fate continuously damage the brain.

In Islam, praying is not just practicing rituals like Buddhism, but it has meanings, connotations, objectives and a sense of closeness to Allah, as one becomes very close to Allah, especially in the position of prostrate. I, also, would like to draw the attention to an important issue, namely, frontal lobe which becomes active while praying, while the back of it becomes calm, so what does that mean?

The Frontal Lobe area is responsible for creative thinking and decision-making, therefore, praying humbly helps the man to make decisions properly and this means that praying helps you to work things out in your business and be successful!
The researchers discovered through out this book that believing in God makes permanent changes in the human brain and how it works. Furthermore, faith fights dementia that results from a sudden death of a large number of the brain cells. It also heals Parkinson disease in addition to mental disorders.

Based on new evidence culled from their brain-scan studies on memory patients and meditators, their web-based survey of people’s religious and spiritual experiences, and their analyses of adult drawings of God, Andrew and therapist Mark Robert Waldman, and their research team, have concluded that active and positive spiritual belief changes the human brain for the better.
how spiritual experiences affect the mind—How God Changes Your Brain offers the following breakthrough discoveries:

• Not only do prayer and spiritual practice reduce stress and anxiety, but just 12 minutes of meditation per day may slow down the aging process.

• Contemplating a loving God rather than a punitive God reduces anxiety, depression, and stress, and increases feelings of security, compassion, and love.

• Fundamentalism, in and of itself, is benign and can be personally beneficial, but the anger and prejudice generated by extreme beliefs can permanently damage your brain.

• Intense prayer and meditation permanently change numerous structures and functions in the brain—altering your values and the way you perceive reality.

How God Changes Your Brain is both a revelatory work of modern science and a practical guide for readers to enhance their physical and emotional health and to avoid mental decline. Andrew and Mark explain the eight best ways to “exercise” your brain and guide readers through specific routines derived from a wide variety of Eastern and Western spiritual practices that improve personal awareness and empathy. They explain why yawning heightens consciousness and relaxation, and they teach “Compassionate Communication,” a new mediation technique that builds intimacy with family and friends in less than 15 minutes of practice.

se tenets intersect with neuroscience. In a recent study, the doctor injected subjects with a harmless radioactive dye. Then, while they engaged in prayer or meditation, he monitored their brain activity to see how the religious act impacted them. According to The Huffington Post, after being injected, the dye goes to the part of the brain where blood flow is strongest (i.e. the most active part of the brain).

Dr. Andrew Newberg Explores Prayers Impact on the Brain
This is a scan showing the brain before prayer and during intense prayer. (Photo Credit: Science)
In a report that recently aired on Science’s network’s “Through the Wormhole,” Newberg explained the study and how prayer appears to impact the human brain. In the clip, a Presbyterian minister was deep in prayerful worship, as the researcher monitored her to observe the impact. Interestingly, the scans showed that the frontal lobes and the language area of the brain experienced noticeably-increased activity.

This is noteworthy for a number of reasons. Consider that many evangelical Christians describe their prayer experience as a personal relationship in which they speak directly with God. Many times, a comparison is made between the faithful’s relationship with the Almighty and friendships that people have with one another. In this sense, God is viewed as a friend who is willing to listen — and to speak back — to those who pray.

Dr. Andrew Newberg Explores Prayers Impact on the Brain
This is a scan showing an atheist’s brain before and contemplating God. Notice, there is no change in brain activity in the frontal lobes and language center. (Photo Credit: Science)
This description of prayer is important, seeing as the frontal lobes and language portions of the brain activate during conversation. As a result, Newberg believes that the brain reacts during Judeo-Christian prayer in the same way that it does when someone is talking to a friend, co-worker, etc.

“To the brain, talking to God is indistinguishable to talking to a person,” narrator Morgan Freeman proclaimed.

Watch Newberg describe his research, below:

“They are really having this kind of experience,” Newberg said of the faithful and prayer. “The experience is, at least, neurotically real.”

Interestingly, though, while atheists and non-believers spend time meditating or contemplating God’s existence, no impact on the brain is observed in the frontal lobe.

Recent findings suggest, for example, that meditation can improve people’s ability to pay attention. Davidson and his colleagues asked 17 people who had received three months of intensive training in meditation and 23 meditation novices to perform an attention task in which they had to successively pick out two numbers embedded in a series of letters.

The novices did what most people do, the investigators announced in June: they missed the second number because they were still focusing on the first—a phenomenon called attentional blink. In contrast, all the trained meditators consistently picked out both numbers, indicating that practicing meditation can improve focus.

Meditation may even delay certain signs of aging in the brain, according to preliminary work by neuroscientist Sara Lazar of Harvard University and her colleagues. A 2005 paper in NeuroReport noted that 20 experienced meditators showed increased thickness in certain brain regions relative to 15 subjects who did not meditate. In particular, the prefrontal cortex and right anterior insula were between four and eight thousandths of an inch thicker in the meditators; the oldest of these subjects boasted the greatest increase in thickness, the reverse of the usual process of aging.

Newberg is now investigating whether meditation can alleviate stress and sadness in cancer patients or expand the cognitive capacities of people with early memory loss.

After all, finding a cerebral source for spiritual experiences could serve equally well to identify the medium through which God reaches out to humanity.

On the contrary, the science gave them an even greater reason to believe.

Beauregard and his colleagues found by EEG that the most prevalent brain waves are long, slow alpha waves such as those produced by sleep

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